Intangible Cultural Heritage of Vietnam by UNESCO

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BiziVietnam introduces a list of 13 intangible cultural heritage of Vietnam recognized by the UNESCO over year. Intangible cultural heritage represents ” oral traditionsperforming artssocial practices, rituals, festive eventsknowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts.”

Vietnam is a multi-nationality country of 54 ethnic groups with many beautiful traditions, diversity and inclusion. 

1- Space of Gong Culture -
Không gian văn hoá Cồng chiêng Tây Nguyên (2008)

Gong ensembles are parts of many ceremonies and closely linked to the communities’ daily life of the central Highlands of Vietnam. Read more


2- Vietnamese Court Music - Nhã Nhạc Cung Đình Huế (2008)

Nha Nhac or Royal Refined Music was an essential part of royal ceremonies. It is regarded as a means of communicating with and paying tribute to the gods. Read more

3- Folk Songs - Quan họ Bắc Ninh (2009)

Quan Ho Băc Ninh songs express the spirit, philosophy and local identity of the community in Bac Ninh. It helps forge social bonds within and between different villages. Read more

4- Ca Tru Singing (2009)

Ca Tru Singing is listed as “in need of urgent safeguarding” due to the diminishing number and age of practitioners.

“Ca Tru – a masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage.” Most of the Vietnamese people even don’t know what the meaning of “Ca Tru” is. It literally means “Tally Card Songs” that a man would give to the woman of his choice. Read more


5- Gióng Festival of Phu Đổng and Soc Temples - Lễ hội đền Gióng (2010)

The Gióng festival of Phù Đổng and Sóc temples is celebrated annually in the outskirt of Hanoi. The festival is to honour the mythica hero, god and saint. Thánh Gióng or Saint Gióng was a legend who was believed to defend the country from foreign enemies using bamboo as weapon. Read more

6- Worship of Hung Kinh in Phu Tho (2012)

Thousands of Vietnamese people from all over the country participate the national festival every year – Hung Kinh temple festival. The festival is to honour Hung Kings, who were the instrumental in the founding of Vietnam. Read more.

7- Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in southern Vietnam (2013)

Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song reflects the lifestyle of Southern people of the Mekong delta region. It helps local people express their feelings, emotions, etc. and is very favored by Vietnamese people. Read more

8- Ví and Giặm Folk Songs of Hà Tĩnh (2014)

The lyrics reflect values such as respect for parents, honesty, customs and traditions, care, love, etc. People sing to ease the hardship of lives and to show their emotions and feelings. Read more.

9- Tugging Ritual and Games - Nghi lễ và trò chơi kéo co (2015)

Tugging ritual and games are popular not only in Vietnam but also other South East Asian countries such as Cambodia, the Philippines and Korea. Read more.

10- Practices related to Viet beliefs in the Mother Goddesses of Three Realms - Tín ngưỡng thờ Mẫu Tam Phủ (2016)

Worshipping Mother Goddesses began in Vietnam in 16th century, widely practiced in Vietnam and abroad. The Mother Goddesses of Three Realms are: heaven, water, and mountains and forests. Read more.

11- Xoan Singing of Phu Tho province - Hát Xoan Phú Thọ (2017)

Xoan singing is an art of performing attached to cult of worshipping Hung Kings. It is a combination of poetry, music, singing and dancingRead more.

12- The art of Bài Chòi singing in Central Vietnam - Nghệ thuật Bài Chòi Trung Bộ (2017)

Top 5 things to do in Hoi An, Vietnam include Bai Choi performance. It is a type of folk art and folk game popular in the central Vietnam. The game is normally seen during Tết holiday or special occasions. Read more.

13- Practices of Then by Tày, Nùng and Thái ethnic groups - Tập tục Then của dân tộc Tày, Nùng và Thái (2019)

Then is an important ritual practice in spiritual life of the Tay, Nung, Thai ethnic groups. The Then ceremonies describe a journey in which the Then master controls ghost soldiers travelling from earth to heaven. Read more.

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About BiziVietnam
BiziVietnam is the first ever non-profit organisation in Finland dedicated to empowering cultural connections and strengthening the Vietnamese cultural footprint in locals, internationals and Vietnamese people in Finland; along with promoting cooperation opportunities between Finland and Vietnam. Follow us on Social Media for the latest news and upcoming events.